Fig. Chocolate. Nougat.
Farm: El Carmen
Region: Apaneca-Ilamatepec, Ahuachapan
Country: El Salvador
Elevation: 1,300 masl
Varietals: Red Bourbon
Sourced By: Melbourne Coffee Merchants
Information on this coffee from MCM:
"El Carmen Estate is located at 1,300m above sea level in El Salvador’s Apaneca-Ilamatepec mountain range, one of Central America’s prime specialty coffee producing areas. The estate has been owned by the Alfaro family for over a century.
El Carmen estate was founded in the middle of the 19th century when Antonio José Alfaro acquired a plot of land near the village of Ataco – meaning ‘Site of Elevated Springs’ in the indigenous Nahuatl language– and started to produce coffee. His son, Agustin Alfaro, founder of the Salvadoran National Coffee Company, followed in his father’s footsteps and established El Carmen as one of El Salvador’s leading exporters. His efforts were continued by Antonio Alfaro, head of the third generation of this coffee family and are carried through today by Fernando Alfaro, the fourth generation of his family to farm coffee.
El Carmen lies in the heart of El Salvador’s main ‘protected highway’ of forest, a part of the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor System that stretches all the way from Mexico down to Panama. In El Salvador, where more than 80% of the country’s coffee is produced under shade, this eco-system is based mainly in the coffee forest. For this reason, coffee farms such as El Carmen play a vital role as a sanctuary for hundreds of the migratory and native bird species found in this part of the world.
The high quality of El Carmen is due to the estate’s prime growing conditions and the family’s meticulous approach to harvesting and processing. The family place great emphasis on maintaining the identity of each lot from the moment its coffee cherries are harvested until the point when the green beans are ready for export. Fernando Alfaro explained their approach further ‘The lots that come through our mill are like babies to us’. The estate’s coffee is produced under approximately 60% shade cover, which helps protect the coffee from the sun and ensures the coffee ripens slowly and evenly. Prior to the rainy season, shade trees are then pruned to about 40% shade to allow the access of light necessary for new foliage growth.
The Alfaro family manage the processing of El Carmen with scrupulous attention to detail. The Red and Orange (also known as pink) Bourbon cherries are hand-picked only when perfectly ripe and de-pulped the same day, with the different colours kept separate. (Red and orange Bourbon coffees are widespread through El Salvador but are typically inter-planted, picked as they ripen and processed all together).
The beans are then pulped at the family’s wet mill to remove the outer skin, fermented and washed with pure spring water, and sun-dried on clay patios. The high altitude of the mill helps the coffee dry slowly, over 14 – 16 days. Once dry, the coffee is stored in parchment in wooden silos to protect the freshness of each individual bean, left to ‘rest’ for a minimum of 60 days under controlled conditions to reach uniform humidity and colour. The lots are consistently cupped whilst in storage. Finally, the beans are prepared and screened to uniform size for export.
MCM have been buying from El Carmen every year since 2009, and we feel very lucky to share this years harvest with you. We hope you enjoy it!
More photos of El Carmen are available from MCM here: https://www.flickr.com/photos/52394413@N04/sets/72157651894080552/"